Acute pancreatitis can have various causes: First, the duct through which the organ normally releases digestive juices into the gastrointestinal tract can be blocked. In this case, the digestive juices accumulate in the pancreas and cause inflammation. On the other hand, it can also happen that contents from the intestine penetrate into the pancreas via the said duct, which also causes the tissue to become inflamed.
If an acute pancreatitis is not treated, the disease can be fatal: In the worst case, the pancreas is decomposed by the penetrating digestive juices and eventually dies. The result is the death of the affected cat.
Symptoms are not always easy to recognize
In contrast to the chronic form, which often goes unnoticed until it is too late, acute pancreatitis usually causes immediate symptoms. The cat is often apathetic, vomits and has abdominal pain. As these symptoms also occur in many other diseases, acute pancreatitis is usually not immediately suspected. In case of behavioural problems, consult your vet. Increased inflammation values in the blood as well as abnormalities in the faeces sample indicate acute pancreatitis.
Permanent damage after pancreatitis
Depending on how quickly acute pancreatitis is treated, the course of the disease can be mild to severe. Mild forms of pancreatitis can be treated by not consuming food or water for several days and by taking medication. This is almost always done on an inpatient basis, as the animal is given daily infusions. In order to prevent the acute pancreatitis from becoming chronic, a special diet must be followed after the treatment.
If the organ is damaged to such an extent that it can no longer form digestive enzymes, these can be artificially added to the cat food with certain preparations.
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